If you believe the headlines, it’s illegal to live off-grid in Canada and the U.S. But, should you believe them?
I guess that depends on what your definition of off-grid really is. It’s a matter of semantics. My short answer to the headline question is: no. Let’s delve into it a little more.
According to the story I had read, a woman in Nova Scotia wasn’t being given an occupancy certificate because there was no electricity, thus no ventilation or wired smoke detectors. Building codes prevent this, apparently.
Should this be the case? Well, that depends on whom you ask. Building codes are there for a reason, and I don’t disagree with them necessarily. Smoke detectors aren’t a bad thing and have saved many lives. Would a battery-operated smoke detector also be acceptable? Not by national building code, but in my mind, yes. A carbon monoxide detector isn’t a bad thing either.
I know this lady would like to live without electricity, but it would be simple enough for her to buy a solar panel, have one battery, and wire in an inexpensive ventilation system and smoke detector. Problem solved. That doesn’t mean it has to operate after the occupancy certificate is given. *nudge nudge* *wink wink* Although, if she ever plans to sell, it had better be.
What qualifies as off-grid?
What this woman is trying to do is far closer to being truly offgrid than what most people envision. Our plan includes electricity. Yes, I want a fridge, a freezer and a clothes washer. I just don’t plan to be connected to utilities.
We will also have a propane stove, and use it as a backup heat source (wood being primary, but also passive solar and super-insulation lowering our heat requirement). Initially we’ll use propane for an instant hot water system as well. Eventually we’ll have a solar hot water system to reduce our propane usage.
Later on our plan will be to build a super-insulated Passivhaus, further reducing our need for propane, and with a larger solar system, perhaps eliminating it altogether. I see it as a bridge fuel.
It’s not ideal, and some purists may not see it as being truly off grid, but I’m not worried about that. It is what will work for us as we work towards ever-increasing self-reliance.
On the practical side of things, money is the big issue. If it were no object, we could go completely off-grid in an ideal manner, but who has the money to do that? With us it will be done in stages. And here by off-grid I simply mean not connected to utilities by wire, pipe, etc. Our goal is that if there were service interruptions for gas, electricity, sewer, water or communications, we’re not going to have to worry.
We are planning to build a small, temporary cabin until we can build our permanent home. Our first build will be an experiment and we are trying to keep the budget as low as possible, while avoiding any debt related to it (as much as possible).
What does offgrid mean to you?
The woman in Nova Scotia isn’t quite at the most extreme end of being off grid. If you just plan to forage and be a hunter-gatherer, living in a tent, that would be the most off-grid you can get. Where can you even really do that these days (in North America anyway)?
I think most people who want to go off-grid probably want to have modern conveniences, but not have the risk or financial commitment of being connected to utilities.
Money and risk are driving our decision to go off grid, as well as increased opportunities to control what we eat by growing and raising our own food.
We are slowly moving in that direction. How about you? What stage are you at in your move to being offgrid, and what does being offgrid mean to you?